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Although PGS are developing rapidly around the world, they are little known in France and are still relatively isolated from one another.

The COMPAIRS research programme, developed in conjunction with various PGS initiatives, players in the social and solidarity economy (SSE) and researchers in the field, aims to develop the conceptualisation and comparison of different PGS models, in order to identify their success factors.

Origin and funding

The COMPAIRS project was selected as part of the 2019 call for projects Co-Construction de Connaissances (CO3) for a solidarity and ecological transition. It is funded for 3 years by ADEME and Agropolis Fondation. It follows on from the REPAIRS project, which, through the participatory meetings and workshops organised in 2019, helped to create an initial framework for sharing this new network.

Conceptual framework

From a conceptual point of view, we analyse PGS as a set of rules enabling the collaborative management of common intellectual resources contained in the label: knowledge of ecological and solidarity-based practices and their effects, the credibility of the control system and therefore the reputation of the label, as well as the values of solidarity carried in the organisation in charge of managing the label (Lemeilleur and Allaire, 2018). This PGS approach therefore makes it possible to deepen our knowledge of the knowledge commons (Ostrom and Hess, 2007), which is still little studied in the field of eco-solidarity quality.

The theory of the commons approach demonstrated its relevance in the previous REPAIRS project and remains a significant asset for tackling the complex and interdependent issues identified by our new network:

  • les issues of inclusion and limitation of the user community
  • support for democracy via communication, collaboration and consultation tools
  • the articulation of knowledge
  • governance and legal structures for managing the commons
  • ownership and economic viability
  • the internal and external credibility of these guarantee systems
  • ways of renewing the knowledge resource
  • solidarity mechanisms, change of scale, etc.


To carry out this collaborative research programme, we will rely on a cycle of 2 exchange days per year, including conferences and participative workshops, built according to the design principles of the commons proposed by Ostrom (1990).

At the same time, we will be carrying out two cross-disciplinary research activities on the concerted production of collaborative standards and on the responsibility of the community in the governance of these intellectual commons.
The other essential role of the research project is to give visibility to the activities and achievements of the collective work.

Originality of the project

Not only is there still very little research on the collaborative construction of commons, but peer review is also a little-recognised field that has been very little explored by research, particularly in the field of eco-solidarity quality signs (even though researchers constantly use peer review to assess the academic quality of their work).

Furthermore, in our project, the participatory approach is both our research object through the PGS, and our research methodology through the consultation tools used. This approach makes the project innovative and relevant.

COMPAIRS project "Peer certification for eco-solidarity quality: co-construction of an intellectual common ground".

LES 8 principes d'E. Ostrom


des limites nettement définies des ressources et des individus qui y ont accès (qui permettent une exclusion des entités externes ou malvenues)


des règles bien adaptées aux besoins et conditions locales et conformes aux objectifs des individus rassemblés


un système permettant aux individus de participer régulièrement à la définition et à la modification des règles (faisceau de droits accordés aux personnes concernées)


une gouvernance effective et redevable à la communauté vis-à-vis des appropriateurs


un système gradué de sanction pour des appropriations de ressources qui violent les règles de la communauté


un système peu coûteux de résolution des conflits


une auto détermination reconnue des autorité extérieures


S'il y a lieu, une organisation à plusieurs niveaux de projet qui prend toujours pour base ces bassins de ressources communes.